Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers Source
ICANN oranginzes and coordinates the unique ID's that allow one computer to talk to another one over the internet. Source
ICANN evolved out of the goverment contracted group IANA, and now performs their functions as a non-profit organization. Source
Playa Vista neighborhood of Los Angeles, CA Source
16 members of the board of directors head up ICANN. These members include 8 members selected by a nominating committee, 6 members who represent its supporting organizations, 1 member of an at-large company, and the president appointed by the board. Source
1) Address Supporting Organization, which takes cares of the system of IP addresses.
2) Domain Name Supporting Organization, which is concerned with the DNS or names used to identify IPs.
3) Protocol Supporting Organziation, which assigns parameters for internet protocols, or standards that allow computers to exchange information. Source
1) At-Large Advisory committee, which gives a voice to the individual user.
2) Governmental Advisory committee, which gives a voice to governmental concerns.
3) Nominating committee, a committee that selects the 8 members of the ICANN Board.
4) Root Server System Advisory committee, which is concerned with the integrity of the Root Server System.
5) Stability Advisory committee, which evaluates concerns on the security and integrity of the Internet's naming and address allocation systems.